Besides age and ethnicity, it’s clear that skin doesn’t share similar characteristics. Generally, our skin is characterized by its skin type, which is determined by several factors. These factors include age, genetics, and environment. Your skin type influences the skin ability to retain water, produce sebum, its sensitivity as well as a propensity towards skin conditions like acne. Before using any skincare or makeup products which are specialised for your skin type, there are things that you need to pay attention to in your daily life.
What is combination skin?
Combination skin features a mixture of two or more skin types. In fact, most people mistakenly believe they have oily skin while their skin type is combination skin. Unless your skin is oily all over without any portions of normal or dry skin, your skin qualifies as combination skin.
The main problem with combination skin
Combination skin might be the most common skin type. However, it’s hard to identify and treat it accordingly. With combination skin, your T-zone that is forehead, nose, and chin tends to be shiny. Individuals with combination skin also have large visible pores on the nose. This is because these portions of your face tend to have more oil glands than the other parts of the face, which usually are dry. Dealing with both oily and dry skin is quite a challenge, especially when it comes to finding a skin regimen that actually works without irritating the skin.
Proper skin care routine for combination skin
When it comes to your daily skin care routine follow the step by step skin care routine order provided. However, there are things you need to change when it comes to addressing the combination skin care concerns. To improve your skin care routine:
Stick to only natural ingredients
Individuals with combination skin type often find chemically based treatments harsh particularly those containing benzoyl peroxide. This is because they cause the oily portions of their faces to increase the production of sebum, which is acne-causing while drying out the dry parts of the face. Find skincare products with natural extracts from chamomile and cucumber to calm inflammation and soothe your skin.
Avoid harsh facial cleansers
Your skin surface picks up dirt and gets covered with impurities and excess oil as you go about your day. To thoroughly clean your face, always pick a gentle facial cleanser. With combination skin, its key to use a cleanser that mattifies the oily T-zone area without over-drying the other portions of your face.
Don’t use products with fragrance
Skincare products with chemically created fragrances can irritate, particularly on the cheeks because they tend to be dry and flaky for those with combination skin.
Always use two different moisturizers
It’s a great idea to improve your daily skin regimen by using two different moisturizers to cater to your skin needs. With combination skin, it is a challenge to find the perfect blend in a cream that can treat the oily areas found on the T-zone and dryness around the cheeks. Use a lighter moisturizer on the oily portion of your skin and a heavier moisturizer on your cheeks and other portions of your skin that are excessively dry.
Unblock and clear clogged skin pores and nose by sloughing off the dead skin cells on the dry portions of your face. Exfoliating is essential for combination skin as is treats dull-looking skin.
Take care of your complexion with a face mask
A face mask is an excellent way of taking care of your facial skin. For combination skin, multi-masking is a great idea. It involves applying different masks on different portions of your face according to skin needs.
Don’t forget your eyes
Apply your eye-cream in the morning and at night. Utilize your eye cream to minimize the appearance of under-eye bags and dark circles.
Always use a broad-spectrum sunscreen
Everyday applies a generous amount of sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or more. Opt for a moisturizer with SPF if you are trying to save on time. Spending so much time in the sun without SPF protection can cause dark spots, fine lines, and wrinkles due to sun damage.
Skincare and makeup tips for combination skin
- Using blotting sheets to absorb oil and cut back on excess oil.
- Matte foundations and makeup are more suited for your skin.
- Always treat the different portions differently when it comes to your skin care regimen
- Use a mild freshener for your dry portions and an astringent the oily parts of your face.
What is oily skin?
Oily skin is caused by hormonal changes and genetic factors that cause variations throughout lifetime. Those with oily skin produce so much sebum. They have greasy and shiny skin with enlarged and visible pores.
The main problem with oily skin
With hormone levels fluctuation, your body signals the production androgens. Androgen is a male hormone present in women too. It stimulates an increase in the production of sebum. Excess production of oil can expand your skin’s pore size, causing blockages which become pimples and acne blemishes. If you have a genetic disposition to active oil glands, generally you produce a high amount of sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that helps keep your skin hydrated and soft. The oil flows from the epidermis to the skin surface through hair follicles and pores. Oily skin is prone to skin issues and acne breakouts. Those with oily skin may suffer from whiteheads, blackheads, and papules or pustules. When you wear makeup, you often find that it easily slides off your face.
How to get rid of oily skin
- Oily skin and acne – acne is caused by the excess sebum produced, and it often may cause blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. One of the proven and recommended acne treatment is salicylic acid. It’s great for those with moderate to mild acne. Salicylic acid infiltrates skin pores to remove built-up sebum, debris, and dead skin cells, which can lead to breakouts.
- Lifestyle and habit changes – changing your daily habits can lead to a decrease in oil production and excess shine. Reevaluating what you eat can be beneficial because there is a proven correlation between diet and acne.
- Makeup routine – the best makeup for oily skin type should not be thick or heavy as it can lead to blocked pores. Always use makeup crafted for oily skin type and remove your makeup before going to the gym or bed. Regularly clean makeup brushes to avoid bacteria from spreading across your skin.
- Use moisturizer – don’t assume that because you have oily skin you don’t need to moisturize. You can actually make your skin oilier by forgoing moisturizer. Pick out a moisturizer that is oil-free and lightweight to keep your skin hydrated and soft.
- Leave your face alone – with oily skin; you are likely to struggle with acne blemishes. It can be very tempting to pick these pimples. You shouldn’t because by doing so you can spread bacteria making your acne breakout even worse
Proper skincare routine for oily skin
Improve your daily skin care routine by:
Overcome the urge to cleanse your face throughout the day. Overusing your face wash can actually result in unnecessary irritation. Only cleanse twice a day with micellar water or foaming face wash to leave oil, dirt, and makeup without stripping off moisture from your skin.
Typically, oily skin is much thicker, which makes it prone to blemishes and spots. When dead skin and sebum mix, they form a paste-like substance that blocks your pores and allows bacteria to increase. The best way to fight this is exfoliating regularly. Both chemical and physical exfoliation will prevent clogged pores and speed up cell turnover for a healthy glow. Exfoliate two to three times a week.
Use a toner
Toners containing natural astringents like witch hazel comprise soothing properties which great for your skin. Natural astringent toners can remove smaller product bits and makeup that clog pores as well as make enlarged pores look smaller.
You need, to moisturize and serums
Moisturizers and serums are necessary to maintain moisture levels. Oil production increases to compensate when your skin becomes dehydrated. Apply serums and moisturizes with light formulation, especially a hydrating but mattifying moisturizer.
Apply a Facial Mask
Give yourself a deep-cleansing facial once a week. Apply a face mask with salicylic acid or clay to temporarily reduce shin and oil production.
Skincare and makeup tips for oily skin
- Don’t over-scrub or over wash your face
- Pick out a cleanser with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid
- Experiment with alcohol-free and alcohol toners a select whichever is most suited for your skin care needs
- Only use water, mineral, oil-free, non-comedogenic, or mineral based makeup products.
- Use a blotting paper to absorb, excess oil throughout the day.
What is acne?
Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It usually causes pimples and spots on the face, neck, chest, shoulders, upper arms, and back.
Main Problem with acneic skin
Our skin has pores which are connected to oil glands. These glands are connected to the pores by follicles. These are small sacs that produce and secrete sebum. Sebum carries dead skin cells to the skin surface through follicles. Small hair strand grows out of the skin through follicles. When follicles get blocked, and oil builds under the skin, pimples grow. Sebum, skin cells, and hair clump together into a plug. Swelling starts when the clump gets infected with bacteria. When the clump breaks down, a pimple usually starts to develop. The frequency and severity of acne is determined by the strain of bacteria. Issues with acneic skin type affect more than the skin it affects aspects of our daily lives, including our self-confidence and self-esteem.
Types of acne
Acne pimples vary in color, size, and level of pain. Acne types include:
- Blackheads – these pimples are black and clearly visible on the skin surface.
- Whiteheads – these pimples are small and remain under the skin.
- Pustules – these pimples are red at the base and have pus at the top. They are visible on the skin surface.
- Papules – these are small, pink bumps visible on the skin surface.
- Nodules – they are solid, large and painful pimples embedded deep in the skin. They are clearly visible on the skin surface.
- Cysts – they are normally filled with pus, and they are painful. Cysts are visible on the skin surface and can cause scars.
How to treat acne
The best adult acne treatments limit bacteria growth, inhibit sebum production or unclog pores by encouraging shedding of skin cells. The following treatments have been proven to effectively treat acne. Depending on the severity of your acne, you might require one or two agents.
- Retinoids – these are vitamin A derivatives such as Tazorac, Differin, and Retin-A. They treat whiteheads and blackheads. The most common side effect of using Retinoids is irritation. They are available both by prescription and over-the-counter.
- Benzoyl peroxide – is available both by prescription and over-the-counter. It fights surface bacteria that often aggravate acne. The most common side effects are dryness and irritation.
- Antibiotics – they can be administered orally or applied to the skin to reduce inflammation in the skin and control surface bacteria. When combined with retinoids or benzoyl peroxide antibiotics normally give more effective results. The most common side effects include elevated cholesterol and triglycerides, dry skin, and congenital disabilities.
- Hormone therapy – it consists of anti-androgen medications or low-dose progesterone and estrogen (birth control pill). This is more helpful and effective for women who show signs and symptoms of androgen excess, including thinning hair and irregular periods.
Proper skincare routine for acneic skin
Improve your daily skin care routine by:
Cleanser – pick out cleansers that are specially formulated for acne. They usually contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, which helps to clear acne sores.
Moisturize – only use light, non-comedogenic moisturizers that don’t aggravate acne.
Gently clean your face – any trauma to your acne breakouts can worsen the condition or cause scarring.
How to get rid of acne marks and scars
- Severe acne may lead to scarring. The great news is that there is a wide variety of treatments to help make the scars look less noticeable. They include:
- Skin resurfacing – it helps removed damages skin layers so that new and healthy skin appears. Skin resurfacing can be done by laser treatment, dermabrasion, and a chemical peel.
- Fillers – fat or collagen fillers are injected into the damaged skin puffing up the skin under the scar and eventually smoothening out.
- Surgery – when an operation is done to remove bad acne or cysts, the operated area is repaired with stitches or a skin graft.
- Injecting platelet-rich plasma from your blood into the scars once a month for about four months
What is dry skin?
This a common skin condition. It is characterized by the lack of suitable amount of water in the epidermis. Epidermis is the most superficial skin layer. Those with dry skin usually feel tightness in their skin and have almost invisible pores.
The main problem with dry skin
Often associated with dull complexion, those with dry skin suffer from regular irritation. Dry skin feels typically taut. Its is flaky and significantly prone to wrinkles, fine lines, early aging, peeling, cracking, itchiness, and red patches. The skin is always dehydrated, requiring a lot of moisture. In extreme cases, dry skin is sensitive to harsh environment and lacks elasticity.
Proper skin care routine for dry skin
Improve your daily skin care routine by:
Cleansing your dry skin – nourish your dry skin with micellar water. Cleansing with micellar water lifts impurities without drying out your skin. Rich, creamy cleansers are also recommended for dry skin
Hydrating dry skin – boost your skin’s hydration levels by using skincare products specifically designed to hydrate. This will ensure that your water levels are always nicely topped up.
Moisturize dry skin – pick out a moisturizer that will keep your face feeling nourished, plump, and hydrated throughout the day. Look for ingredients like allantoin, glycerin and pro-vitamin B5 in your moisturizer.
Skin care and makeup tips for dry skin
- Avoid gel- and alcohol-based skincare products.
- Always rinse your face with cool water and pat it dry to avoid extra irritation.
- Pick out skin care products with hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and shea butter.
What is sensitive skin?
Individuals with sensitive skin experience tingling, abnormal sting, and burning sensation in response to various factors. While most people have had a skin reaction at some point due to an ingredient or product, those with sensitive skin typically have persistent issues. Ranging from genetic ailments like eczema and rosacea to severe skin allergies.
The main problem with sensitive skin
Sensitive or hypersensitive skin tend to be easily irritated. It’s thin and delicate with fine pores. The skin is prone to broken capillaries and can easily become flushed red. It also can itch, be inflamed, burn and/or become excessively dry. Hypersensitive skin adversely reacts to common things like detergents, food substances, skin care products, allergies, fabrics, detergents, and medications.
Proper skin care routine for sensitive skin
Improve your daily skin care routine by:
Avoid fragrances – scented skin care products usually have ingredients that can irritate sensitive skin. This also applies to scented skin care products with all-natural ingredients. Only pick out skin care products that are labeled “fragrance-free.” The same goes for other personal care and household products like deodorant, laundry detergent, shampoo, and household cleaners.
Take extra care with preservatives – chemicals such as parabens may irritate your sensitive skin. If you have a reaction to a skincare product containing propylparaben or butylparaben as an ingredient switch to a paraben-free product. Other preservatives that commonly cause skin allergy and irritation include methylchloroisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone.
Skip the toner – avoid astringents and alcohol-based facial toners as they can easily irritate your skin. You can entirely skip using toners by washing your face twice a day using a gentle liquid cleanser. This a much gentle alternative.
Moisturized- restore your skin’s natural barrier function as well as calm and soothe irritation by moisturizing. Pick out a moisturizer with a minimal formula that’s more suitable for your sensitive skin.
Try one product at a time – when making changes, improving or trying out new products for your skincare routine, introduce one product at a time. This will help in case of a bad reaction; you can easily figure out the product causing it.
Only use physical sunblocks – physical sunblocks sits on top of your skin and uses tiny mineral compounds to deflect sun rays. Most people with sensitive skin can use both chemical and physical sunblocks. However, sometimes UV radiation can combine with common sunscreen chemicals and trigger blisters or a rash.
Never ignore reactions or breakouts – everyone gets irritated skin or pimples, but if you experience sudden changes see a dermatologist. The skin specialist can help you figure out if you’re sensitive to a product in your skin care routine or a treatable condition
Sensitive skincare and makeup tips
- Spot test all your new makeup and skincare products before applying them on your face. By applying them behind your ear for a minimum of three nights.
- Use mineral-based makeup products only.
- Use allergy-tested, hypoallergenic and fragrance-free products
Achieving flawless skin has always been an elusive dream. There endless products from different skincare brands, skincare routines, treatment modalities, and best care guides promoted for ultimate skincare maintenance. However, not all products or techniques are perfectly fit for all skin types. Your dream for a flawless, acne- and- blemish-free skin isn’t a far-fetched anymore. This ultimate buying guide offers brilliant tips to help you understand your skin type, how to take care of your skin and how to improve on your daily skincare routine. Browse through these skin care secrets to tackle all your skincare concerns. Find our recommended skin care and makeup products for every skin type to enhance your natural beauty. Whether you are just looking to pamper your skin or have time for intensive skin care, this guide is sure to make your skincare journey easy and much better.
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